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Mostrando entradas con la etiqueta Article PDF. Mostrar todas las entradas

lunes, 17 de enero de 2022

Antimicrobial therapies for odontogenic infections in children and adolescents

Pharmacology

Oral infections are common in children and adolescents, and treatment must be treated in an effective and timely manner. Infectious processes occur when there is an imbalance in the patient's oral flora.

The use of antibiotics must be rational to avoid drug resistance of microorganisms (microbial resistance). Odontogenic infections can arise from caries or a periodontal problem, sometimes they can be due to dental trauma or iatrogenesis.

Enlaces Patrocinados

We share a literature review that establishes guidelines for antimicrobial therapy in infections of odontogenic origin and clinical recommendations.

Pharmacology


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Antimicrobial therapies for odontogenic infections in children and adolescents. Literature review and clinical recomendations was published in J Oral Res 2014; 3(1): 50-56 (DOI: 10.17126/joralres.2014.013).

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Update on antibiotic prophylaxis in pediatric patients

Pharmacology

Antibiotic prophylaxis aims to prevent the presence of a new infection from a therapeutic procedure. This preventive action is more important if the patient is immunocompromised.

In pediatric dentistry or general dentistry, the general health status of the child must be known, as well as his or her history and the severity of the infection, in order to determine the correct administration of antibiotics.

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We share an article that explains the importance of antibiotic prophylaxis, and the pharmacological management that we must consider in common dental procedures.

Pharmacology


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Planells-del Pozo P, Barra-Soto MJ, Santa Eulalia-Troisfontaines E. Antibiotic prophylaxis in pediatric odontology. An update. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2006;11:E352-7. © Medicina Oral S. L. C.I.F. B 96689336 - ISSN 1698-6946

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viernes, 14 de enero de 2022

The Hall Technique: Manual for the management of primary molar caries

Hall Technique

Dental caries is an infectious process that affects both children and adults. When caries affects a large amount of dental tissue, a procedure is required to ensure the permanence of the primary tooth in the oral cavity.

The Hall technique is used on primary molars affected by caries, using preformed steel crowns. The effectiveness of this technique is proven, but a careful evaluation by the pediatric dentist is required.

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We share a manual on the evaluation, application and procedure of the Hall Technique in primary molars affected by caries.

Oral Rehabilitation


👉 READ AND DOWNLOAD THE COMPLETE MANUAL HERE👈


Text copyright Nicola Innes & Dafydd Evans Illustrations copyright Dafydd Evans & Amy McKay

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martes, 4 de enero de 2022

Dentistry Book: Handbook of Clinical Techniques in Pediatric Dentistry - by Jane A. Soxman

Pediatric Dentistry

The Handbook of Clinical Techniques in Pediatric Dentistry provides the clinician with an increased level of expertise and skills for timely identification and intervention for various presentations in the developing dentition.

It also clearly describes procedures for treatment in the primary and young permanent dentitions, including pulp therapy for primary and young permanent molars, extractions, space maintenance, and more. The most commonly encountered treatment needs are discussed with the goal of increasing clinician and staff confidence while decreasing chair-time and stress.

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We share the Handbook of Clinical Techniques in Pediatric Dentistry by Jane A. Soxman, which describes the different procedures performed on primary teeth, contributing to the identification and timely intervention of different oral pathologies.

Oral Rehabilitation


👉 READ AND DOWNLOAD THE FULL PDF BOOK HERE👈


EDITED BY Jane A. Soxman, RN, DDS

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jueves, 16 de diciembre de 2021

Prosthetics in Paediatric Dentistry - Article in PDF

Oral Rehabilitation

The loss of one or more primary teeth can be due to extensive cavities (bottle caries) or to a fracture involving the tooth root (dental trauma). The absence of these teeth generates a series of problems in the occlusion and aesthetics of the child.

The migration of the adjacent teeth, the loss of the alveolar bone and poor occlusion are some of the problems caused by missing teeth. The pediatric patient should undergo radiographic examinations and evaluated by the pediatric dentist and orthodontist.

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We share an article that tells us about the importance of dental prostheses in children, and what are the characteristics that they should have.

Oral Rehabilitation


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Zoran Vulićević, Miloš Beloica, Dušan Kosanović, Ivana Radović, Jelena Juloski, Dragan Ivanović. Balk J Dent Med, Vol 21, 2017. Prosthetics in Paediatric Dentistry

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jueves, 9 de diciembre de 2021

Surgical excision of mucocele with local anesthesia in an 8-month-old baby

Oral Surgery

The mucocele is a common cyst of the minor salivary glands, and is produced by the accumulation or retention of mucosa as a consequence of an obstruction or trauma to the salivary duct.

The mucocele has a bluish or translucent color, and its size can be from millimeters to centimeters in diameter. It is rare to find a mucocele in a newborn baby.

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We share the case of the surgical removal of a mucocele in an 08-month-old baby under local anesthesia.

Oral Surgery


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Gurgel, C.V., Neto, N.L., Geller-Palti, D., Sakai, V.T., Oliveira, T.M., & Machado, M.A. (2012). Surgical excision of mucocele with local anesthesia in an 8-month-old baby.

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jueves, 2 de diciembre de 2021

Fluoride Varnish in the Prevention of Dental Caries in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review

Oral Rehabilitation

The application of fluoride varnish is an effective method against tooth decay that can appear in the primary or permanent dentition. It is also effective in treatments against tooth sensitivity.

Fluoride varnish is easy to apply, offers greater absorption of minerals on the teeth, and is very safe, unlike other topical fluoride treatments (gels and rinses).

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We share an article that reviews the literature and develops a protocol for the use of fluoride varnish as a caries preventive agent in children and adolescents.

Fluoride varnish


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Amir Azarpazhooh , DDS, MSc / Patricia A. Main, BDS, DDS, DDPH, MSc, FRCD(C) JCDA Vol. 74, No. 1 ISSN: 1488-2159 February 2008

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viernes, 26 de noviembre de 2021

Anterior dental esthetics in primary teeth - Oral Rehabilitation

Oral Rehabilitation

When you want to rehabilitate a primary tooth that has been affected by a fracture or extensive dental caries, some characteristics must be taken into account, such as the small size of the tooth and the large size of the dental pulp.

Primary teeth can be affected by bottle tooth decay, or by hypoplastic defects, and in some cases by bruxism. The restoration technique as the aesthetic material to rehabilitate the tooth will be chosen after a correct evaluation by the professional.

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We share an article that evaluates the advantages and disadvantages of different aesthetic options to restore primary teeth that have been affected by extensive caries or a fracture.

Oral Rehabilitation


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Abu-Hussein Muhamad, Watted Nezar, Abdulgani Azzaldeen, Abu-Shilabayeh Hanali. Anterior Dental Esthetics in Primary Teeth. International Journal of Public Health Research. Vol. 3, No. 1, 2015, pp. 25-36.

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martes, 9 de noviembre de 2021

Early Treatment of Anterior Crossbite with Eruption Guidance Appliance: A Case Report

Orthodontics

The anterior crossbite is a type of malocclusion in the anteroposterior plane, characterized by having the lower teeth in front of the upper ones. Early evaluation is important to diagnose malocclusion and through interceptive orthodontics to correct it.

During this clinical case, an eruption guidance appliance (EGA) was used in a 05-year-old patient (mixed dentition) for 07 months with satisfactory results.

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We share the case of a 05-year-old boy with anterior crossbite, and an eruption guidance appliance (EGA) was used.

Orthodontics




Marianna Pellegrino, Silvia Caruso, Tiziana Cantile, Gioacchino Pellegrino, Gianmaria Fabrizio Ferrazzano Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 May; 17(10): 3587. Published online 2020 May 20. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17103587 PMCID: PMC7277547

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viernes, 5 de noviembre de 2021

Diagnosing Early Interceptive Orthodontic Problems – Part 1

Orthodontics

The constant growth and dental craniofacial development of the child requires that it be evaluated by an orthodontist at an early age. The American Association of Orthodontists recommends that every child should be evaluated by an orthodontist before the age of 7.

Prevention is important in these cases, thus we avoid the development of malocclusions such as crowding, open bite, excessive overjet or overbite. Professional intervention is necessary to prevent these problems from worsening.

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We share the first part of the Diagnosing Early Interceptive Orthodontic Problems course, which addresses the following topics: examination of mixed dentition, growth and development, posterior and anterior space maintainer, late eruption, retained and supernumerary teeth.

dentinogenesis imperfecta


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A Peer-Reviewed Publication Written by: Michael Florman, DDS / Rob Veis, DDS / Mark M. Alarabi, DDS, CECSMO / Mahtab Partovi, DDS

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viernes, 15 de octubre de 2021

Handbook of pediatric dentistry - Angus C. Cameron

Pediatric Dentistry

Constant training by the pediatric dental professional is essential to face the different challenges that arise in the daily consultation. In this book we can find all the necessary information for this specialty.

Pediatric dentistry is a specialty that is responsible for examining, diagnosing and treating the different pathologies that affect the stomatognathic system of the infant patient.

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On this occasion we share "Handbook of Pediatric Dentistry", which contains 13 chapters with all the information that every pediatric dentist needs to know.

dentinogenesis imperfecta


👉 READ AND DOWNLOAD THE BOOK IN FULL: "HANDBOOK OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY" HERE 👈


Angus C. Cameron / Richard P. Widmer. Handbook of Pediatric Dentistry. 3 Edition

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martes, 14 de septiembre de 2021

Severe early childhood caries: an integral approach

Dental Caries

It is considered early childhood caries, when the carious process affects one or more primary teeth in children under 06 years of age. This infection is of multifactorial etiology, transmissible and of rapid development.

Treatment will depend on the extent of the injuries and requires interdisciplinary management to achieve successful rehabilitation. In these cases the cooperation of the parents is necessary.

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We share a comprehensive article that covers severe early childhood caries and the comprehensive approach recommended for these cases.

dentinogenesis imperfecta


👉 Read and download the full article in PDF👈


Losso EM, Tavares MC, Silva JY, Urban Cde A. Severe early childhood caries: an integral approach. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2009;85(4):295-300:

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sábado, 24 de julio de 2021

Reimplantation of avulsed permanent teeth after three days: Clinical case in a pediatric patient

Dental emergency

Dental avulsion consists of the total detachment of the tooth from the socket, as a consequence of a strong trauma that affects the oral cavity. Given this urgency, it is important to go to the dentist to be able to reimplant it.

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By means of dental reimplantation, the avulsed tooth is inserted into its socket, and then a clinical and radiographic follow-up is carried out in order to ensure the success of the treatment.

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We share an article that reports two clinical cases of patients who suffered an avulsion, and the teeth were reimplanted after 72 hours. Subsequent evaluation confirms the success of the procedure.

DENTAL ANESTHESIA




Ize‑Iyamu and Saheeb: Reimplantation of avulsed dry permanent teeth after three days. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice • Jan-Mar 2013 • Vol 16 • Issue 1

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viernes, 23 de julio de 2021

Riga Fede Disease Treatment: Case Report

Riga Fede Disease

Riga Fede disease is an ulcer that appears on the ventral aspect of the tongue of newborn babies or infants with natal or neonatal teeth. These ulcers are painful and are involved in feeding babies.

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The presence of natal or neonatal teeth are not common, and usually appear in the lower jaw at the level of the central incisors. The intervention of the pediatric dentist is necessary for the evaluation and adequate treatment.

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We share an article that presents the case of a 20-day-old baby whose feeding was affected by a 5 x 8 mm ulcer on the tongue.

DENTAL ANESTHESIA


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Alahmari, A. (2017). Management of Riga-Fede disease: A Case Report. Dentistry 3000, 7, 1-3.

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martes, 13 de julio de 2021

Clinical recognition of mouth breathing children

mouth breathing

Mouth breathing can be caused by an obstruction or an inappropriate habit. In both situations they generate an imbalance between the bone and muscular structures of the skull.

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Early evaluation and treatment are important to avoid the serious consequences of mouth breathing, and dentists are the first professionals to be able to recognize a patient with mouth breathing.

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We share an interesting guide to recognize the clinical manifestations of a child who breathes through the mouth.

DENTAL ANESTHESIA


👉 Read and download the full article in PDF👈


Pacheco MCT, Casagrande CF, Teixeira LP, Finck NS, Araújo MTM. Guidelines proposal for clinical recognition of mouth breathing children. Dental Press J Orthod. 2015 July-Aug;20(4):39-44. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2176-9451.20.4.039-044.oar

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martes, 20 de abril de 2021

ORAL REHABILITATION of a child with dentinogenesis imperfecta

Oral Rehabilitation

Imperfect dentinogenesis is a developmental disorder of the dentin (histodifferentiation phase), hereditary, is rare and can affect the primary and permanent dentition.

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The tooth has normal-appearing enamel, but being on defective dentin, it tends to fracture easily. For this reason, the professional must know its characteristics for good management.

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We share the clinical case of an oral rehabilitation of a 05-year-old boy with imperfect dentinogenesis. We can see the treatment plan and the excellent result.

DENTAL ANESTHESIA


👉 Read and download the full article in PDF👈


Kelly Maria Silva Moreira / Cibele Aparecida Silva / Rayen Milanao Drugowick / José Carlos Pettorossi Imparato / Juliana Braga Reis Oral rehabilitation of a child with dentinogenesis imperfecta – case report RSBO (Online) vol.12 no.3 Joinville Jul./Set. 2015

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